Unfortunately, we do not always choose the location of our green spaces. So it happens that we have no choice but to plant our vegetable garden or garden in a shady corner. In addition, due to a wall or a neighboring house, a few square meters of ground are little exposed to the sun. However, we know that sunshine is important for many fruits and vegetables! In addition, for a productive vegetable garden, we often recommend 6 to 8 hours of sun exposure per day. But unfortunately we can’t always replace the fence that gets in the way or cut the hedge and break the house blocking the light! In short, chasing the shade out of the garden can sometimes turn out to be a real mission impossible… Still, some fruits and vegetables need less sun and you can have a nice vegetable garden in the shade.
Vegetable garden in the shade: some criteria to consider before you go
Of course, plants on land that does not receive never light may seem like an illusion. And that applies even more if you want cultures that demand a lot from you. This is the case, for example, with tomatoes, grapes, cucumbers, aubergines, melons and watermelons or peppers that you better forget… However, it is possible to garden in partial shade or partially in the garden. the foliage of a tree that gets 4 to 5 hours of sun a day. As for the shady vegetable garden that gets one to two hours of direct sun in the morning or evening, it can do well by other criteria too!
The season and the region also play an important role. In a warmer region such as the south, a plant will prefer to grow in a shady corner. On the contrary, in northern France those same plants may like the sun more. Something else, take into account the nature of the soil. When well-drained, it will hold less water than heavy, compact soil. In fact, the roots will be less cold! Never forget that fruits and vegetables are often afraid of cold and frost, two elements that the shade prefers… In this case, opt for cultivation on the coast or in shelters such as mini-greenhouses, bells or frames to alleviate the problems.
Make way for fruit and vegetables for a vegetable garden in the partial shade!
Root and leafy vegetables
- Carrot (especially preservative carrot)
- Ribbed celery
- Cabbage (cauliflower, rave, curly, kale, pomme, Brussels and Chinese cabbages)
- Spinach (especially in summer)
- Beans and peas
- the hub
- Parsnips and leeks
- Radish and horseradish
- Salads such as lettuce, watercress, sorrel, arugula + chard
- Jerusalem Artichoke
Add to that the alliaceae (garlic, onion and gray shallot) which will grow well under fruit trees and protect them from disease. It makes gardening easier!
Aromatic Herbs That Support Part Shade:
- red spring onion
- lemon balm
- Parsley (once summer comes)
- Lemon verbena (unless it’s windy, because it’s very sensitive to it…)
You can also grow and grow edible flowers in partial shade in your vegetable garden. There are begonias, fuchsias and violets.
Fruit intended for a vegetable garden in partial shade
In general, border plants and soft fruit do well in a shady vegetable garden. Suddenly we can try to sow:
- Strawberries and field strawberries (but for simple strawberries, production will be less abundant)
- Hardy kiwis such as columnikta
What if the vegetable garden is really in the shade?
All hope of a good harvest is not lost! You can always try growing lamb’s lettuce, garden watercress and radishes with short or round roots. The ideal is to grow white carrot radish which grows well in shade. Leafy greens and salads are generally your best allies (sorrel, mesclun, arugula, etc.). Also since the Asian cabbages like freshness and humidity, it’s worth trying to grow some. As for aromatic plants, you can pin your hopes on mint, parsley and lemon verbena. Moreover, it is not just about fresh vegetables. So also think of the seedlings of rhubarb with which you can make amazing cakes !
The advantages of the vegetable garden in the shade:
For the gardener this often means that: give less water ! Water evaporates faster on a sunny plot. Another good point, some plants go less quickly to seed when they get less sun. This is the case, for example, with lettuce and spinach. short, with the right plants and good maintenance, growing your own fruit and vegetables in a shady spot is not impossible 😉 In addition, the trees lose their leaves in winter, which offers more light at certain times to grow beautiful seeds of the right choice!
Final tip for gardeners: make sure the bigger plants don’t obscure the smaller ones!