Along the Mediterranean, gardens are generally low maintenance. And rightly so, the plants that naturally grow at this latitude are particularly strong. They must be able to withstand a scorching sun, strong and drying wind and a lack of water. If your garden benefits from dry soil and plenty of sun and you want to feel like you’re on holiday all year round, why not create a lovely Mediterranean garden! Choose these 10 iconic flowers, trees and shrubs of the south!
Good to know : All these plants should ideally be exposed to the sun all day, ie full south. In addition, they should be placed away from cold winds.
This is the basis if you want to orient your garden towards a Mediterranean inspiration. Indeed, lavender is the iconic southern plant. Its beautiful mauve hue, its flowers visible from April to September and its simply exquisite fragrance are a feast for the eyes and nostrils.
Not to mention that it has many features. Indeed, it helps to combat anxiety, promote sleep or relieve joint pain.
2. The Olive Tree
A Mediterranean garden is nothing without its olive tree! Especially since this beautiful tree with its twisted trunk and silvery leaves has the peculiarity of adapting relatively well to colder climates. Some species are indeed able to resistant to temperatures down to -15 ° C.
However, beware of humidity and lack of sun, the worst enemies of the olive tree!
Rosemary grows naturally around the Mediterranean, especially in rocky undergrowth. Indeed, this shrub prefers limestone soils.
However, it is quite possible to grow rosemary in your garden, provided the climate is not too humid, especially in winter. It can then be harvested and used as a seasoning in cooking, but it can also be used to make rosemary honey.
4. The Palm Tree
The palm tree is the symbol of a holiday by the sea and is easily recognizable with its thick trunk and large palmate leaves.
The most Mediterranean of all palm species is the Chamaerops humilis. However, other varieties have the advantage that they are more resistant to the cold, as is the case with, for example, Rhapidophyllum histrix.
When it comes to hedges, the oleander is the ideal candidate in a Mediterranean garden. This shrub is indeed found all over the Mediterranean. The flowers can be white, pink, yellow …
The advantage is that this shrub is almost six months in bloom. What to enjoy for a long time!
6. The Fig Tree
The fig tree is an elegant tree that produces delicious figs in the summer. Very resistant, it can withstand winter temperatures, down to -15 ° C. For this reason, it can be planted in all regions of France!
Native to South America, agave is a very original plant that has very fleshy leaves that end in spines. Depending on the variety, it can be gray, blue or green.
This plant, which blends in perfectly with the Mediterranean landscape, has the particularity of being monocarpic. This means thatit only blooms once in its life, sometimes after decades, to die suddenly.
8. The cypress of Provence
Emblem of the Mediterranean basin, the cypress of Provence is usually planted at the entrance of a property, in welcome sign. The must is to plant several along an alley to elegantly border the entrance to the garden.
This tall and straight tree can reach a height of 35 meters. But this is not the only originality. It does indeed have a exceptional longevity as it can live several hundred years!
The strawberry tree is a shrub with dark green foliage that is naturally present in the south. He produces white flowers and red berries in the fall. The latter, which are quite edible, have earned it its nickname “strawberry tree”.
10. The Orange Tree
A worthy representative of citrus fruits, the orange tree produces not only beautiful oranges. in the winter but besides that, he has the art of giving off a simply wonderful fragrance.
Only negative point: this tree cannot be planted everywhere because it barely resistant to cold ! In colder regions it is therefore advisable to grow it in a pot and bring it indoors in winter.